A cash flow statement monitors the influx and outflow of funds and offers details about the financial stability and operational effectiveness of a business.

An essential financial document that gives a detailed picture of how money entered and left a business over a certain accounting period is the cash flow statement. It shows the cash inflow statement and cash outflow statement, which are frequently divided into financing, investing, and operating operations. 

This statement is an essential instrument for documenting, monitoring, and reporting cash transactions. It gives stakeholders and accountants insight into the company’s cash management procedures, liquidity, and overall financial health.

The cashflow statement provides important information about the company’s capacity to raise capital from its activities, finance its expansion, and pay its debts by outlining the sources and uses of cash. NBFC business loan are the among the ways to fulfil your business finance need.

Importance of Cash Flow Statement

An overview of the company’s primary payments to creditors can be obtained from a cash flow statement. It also displays cash-only transactions that are noted but not shown in the other financial statements. These include capital equipment purchases, consumer credit extensions, and inventory purchases.

The ideal level of cash on hand is maintained with the aid of a cashflow statement. Determining if an excessive amount of cash is idle or whether there is an excess or shortfall of finances is crucial for the organization. 

If the company has extra cash on hand, it can invest it in stock or purchase merchandise. In the event that there is a cash flow crisis, the company can search for lenders to help keep operations running. Have a closer look towards cash management hacks for SMEs.

To make important decisions, a financial manager might examine cash inflows and outflows from previous transactions. Seeing a cash shortfall to pay off debts or establishing a base to apply for bank credit are a couple of scenarios where decisions must be made depending on cash flow. Also know crucial tips to avoid cash crunch.

Example of Cash Flow Statement

Here is the sample cash flow statement format

Cash Flow from Operating ActivitiesINR 5,00,000
Net Income INR 7,50,000
Depreciation and AmortizationINR 2,00,000
Changes in Working Capital INR 1,50,000
Other Operating ActivitiesINR 1,00,000

CashFlow from Investing Activities – INR 3,50,000

CashFlows from Financing Activities – INR 2,50,000

Net Increase in Cash And Cash Equivalents – INR 4,50,000

  • Including adjustments for net income, depreciation, amortization, and changes in working capital, operating activities produced net cash of ₹5,00,000.
  • Investing activities utilized ₹3,00,000 in cash, mostly for asset purchases.
  • A total of ₹2,50,000 in cash was obtained via financing activities, which included loan repayment and financing proceeds.
  • Throughout the year, there was a net growth of ₹4,50,000 in cash and cash equivalents.
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Uses of a Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is an essential financial record that offers significant insights into the state, profitability, and future prospects of a business. To grasp a company’s liquidity, operational effectiveness, and capacity to satisfy financial obligations requires having a thorough grasp of its cash inflows and outflows over a given time period, which is provided by this statement. Cash flow statement will also useful before application of Business Loan.

The cashflow statement is primarily used by stakeholders to evaluate a company’s liquidity status by examining its capacity to produce enough cash to cover its immediate liabilities. 

Investors and creditors can ascertain whether a firm has enough cash reserves to support its ongoing costs, including payroll, utilities, and supplier payments, by looking at the cashflows from operating activities. A corporation that maintains a high level of operating cash flow is less likely to experience liquidity issues or be significantly dependent on outside finance to support its operations.


By differentiating between cash and non-cash transactions, the CFS offers insights on a company’s profitability. The cash flow statement modifies these numbers to represent the actual cash inflows and outflows, whereas the income statement concentrates on accounting earnings, which include non-cash factors like depreciation and amortization. 

The CFS determines the cash generated from core business operations by deducting non-cash expenses from net income. This gives a more accurate view of the company’s capacity to generate cash from its main operations.

Also Read:- 9 Most Common Challenges in Business Valuation?


  1. What part of the cash flow statement is the most crucial?

Cash flow Statement tracks the inflows and outflows of cash over a certain period of time.  This part of the cash flow statement is the most important part. The company’s short- and long-term planning is informed by this knowledge. It also aids in determining the ideal amount of working capital and cash that the business requires.

  1. Which three forms of cash flow statements are there?

Operating, investing, and financing activities make up the three categories of cash flows. Cash-related net income activities are included in operating activities. Cash-related noncurrent asset operations are included in investing activities.

  1. How is cash flow calculated?

A company’s net income is the beginning point for calculating cash flow, and non-cash expenses like amortisation and depreciation are added back in. It is also necessary to account for variations in working capital, which comprise accounts payable, inventory, and receivable. 

A rise in working capital usually means that money is being spent in the company; a fall in working capital usually means that money is being released. The net cash flow from operating activities is calculated by subtracting the change in working capital from the operating cash flow.

What is the difference between cash flow statement and balance sheet?

The cash flow statement evaluates a company’s performance over a specific timeframe, offering a less susceptible measure to non-cash transaction timing. Derived from both the income statement and balance sheet, it primarily relies on net earnings from the income statement to determine the operating activities section. However, net earnings don’t influence the investing or financial activities sections.

Depreciation expense, featured in the income statement, doesn’t entail an actual cash outflow but rather distributes the cost of an asset over its useful life. Companies possess some flexibility in selecting their depreciation method, thereby adjusting the reported depreciation expense. Conversely, the cash flow statement provides a more reliable gauge of true inflows and outflows, less subject to manipulation.

How do you calculate cash inflows?

Here are some key cashflow equations to be familiar with:

  1. Free Cash Flow = Net income + Depreciation/Amortization – Change in Working Capital – Capital Expenditure
  2. Operating Cash Flow = Operating Income + Depreciation – Taxes + Change in Working Capital
  3. Cash Flow Forecast = Beginning Cash + Projected Inflows – Projected Outflows = Ending Cash

What is the math behind Cashflow?

Using mathematics to effectively handle your cashflow
For small business proprietors, crunching cash flow equations might not be the most thrilling task, but avoiding a cash shortage is a situation every business owner aims to steer clear of.

Managing the cash flow entering and exiting your business offers a comprehensive insight into its financial well-being. By doing so, you can foresee potential cash flow challenges and address them proactively, while also fine-tuning your operations to mitigate future cash flow issues.

By indifi

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